Parents and teachers can do a lot to encourage higher order thinking. Here are some strategies to help foster children's complex thinking. Higher order thinking HOT is thinking on a level that is higher than memorizing facts or telling something back to someone exactly the way it was told to you. HOT takes thinking to higher levels than restating the facts and requires students to do something with the facts — understand them, infer from them, connect them to other facts and concepts, categorize them, manipulate them, put them together in new or novel ways, and apply them as we seek new solutions to new problems.
Higher Order Thinking
Higher Order Thinking Questions for Your Next Lesson
As students grow older, they are asked by their teachers to do more and more with the information they have stored in their brains. These types of requests require accessing higher order thinking HOT. Most of us don't think about thinking — we just do it. But educators, parents, and legislators have been thinking more about thinking, and thinking about how we want teachers to teach our students to think. As students move from elementary to middle to high school, they are asked by their teachers to do more and more with the information they have stored in their brains.
The continued viability of our democracy depends on our ability to equip citizens with the skills to think openly and critically, make decisions based on the best available evidence and remain open to the consideration of alternative points of view based on that evidence, particularly when these views dramatically differ from their own. To nurture and sustain our democracy, citizens must develop and hone the ability to independently reason, reflect and grow through consideration of multiple points of view. These are skills that institutions of higher education have traditionally promoted and refined in our classrooms and within our campus communities.
What is critical thinking? Critical thinking refers to the ability to analyze information objectively and make a reasoned judgment. It involves the evaluation of sources, such as data, facts, observable phenomena, and research findings. Good critical thinkers can draw reasonable conclusions from a set of information, and discriminate between useful and less useful details to solve problems or make decisions. Employers want job candidates who can evaluate a situation using logical thought and offer the best solution.