Gross National Happiness, or GNH, is a holistic and sustainable approach to development, which balances material and non-material values with the conviction that humans want to search for happiness. The objective of GNH is to achieve a balanced development in all the facets of life that are essential; for our happiness. We are in the age of the Anthropocene when the fate of the planet and all life is within the power of mankind. Boundless consumerism, widening socio-economic inequality and instability is causing rapid natura resource depletion and degradation. Climate change, species extinction, multiple crises, growing insecurity, instability and conflicts are not only diminishing our well-being but are also threatening our very survival. Today, it is inconceivable for modern society to function without the business of commerce, finance, industry or trade.
Arthur C. Brooks
The Inverse Care Law
A series of hand-painted signs dot the side of the winding mountain road that runs between the airport and the Bhutanese capital, Thimphu. Instead of commands to cut speed or check mirrors, they offer the traveller a series of life-affirming mantras. Complete it! Another, standing on the edge of a perilous curve, simply says: "Inconvenience regretted. It's a suitably uplifting welcome to visitors to this remote kingdom, a place of ancient monasteries, fluttering prayer flags and staggering natural beauty. Less than 40 years ago, Bhutan opened its borders for the first time.
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He was still a teenage monarch, and wise beyond his years. His Majesty firmly believed that happiness is an indicator, and a sign of progressive development for the Bhutanese people. The code stressed that Bhutanese laws must promote happiness for all sentient beings — as a Buddhist nation, it is clear that the cultivation of compassion stemmed from this ancient wisdom. That the focus was not just the economic progress of Bhutan, but of a flourishing human society living in harmony with nature.
Robert Keohane and David Victor states that climate change governance is a difficult problem for three fundamental reasons; first, climate change is a global challenge whose solution cannot rely on the ability and efforts of the individual stakeholders only. Second, the impact of climate change cannot be observed immediately, but rather intergeneration time-consuming. This means the mitigation cost that should be spent at this time can only be enjoyed in the future Keohane and Victor, Third, climate change requires behavior changes of billions of people, in which the states may not always have capability nor influence to mobilize change. Indeed, climate change requires global and local participation.