Abraham Lincoln February 12, — April 15, was an American politician. He was the 16th President of the United States. He was president from to , A crisis erupted as a civil war shortly after James Buchanan left office which resulted in tensions. John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln. Lincoln was the first president of the United States to be assassinated. Lincoln has been remembered as the "Great Emancipator" because he worked to end slavery in the United States.
When privilege and oppression intersect
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Abraham Lincoln , a self-taught lawyer, legislator and vocal opponent of slavery, was elected 16th president of the United States in November , shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. His family moved to southern Indiana in In , his family moved to Macon County in southern Illinois , and Lincoln got a job working on a river flatboat hauling freight down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. After settling in the town of New Salem, Illinois, where he worked as a shopkeeper and a postmaster, Lincoln became involved in local politics as a supporter of the Whig Party , winning election to the Illinois state legislature in Like his Whig heroes Henry Clay and Daniel Webster , Lincoln opposed the spread of slavery to the territories, and had a grand vision of the expanding United States, with a focus on commerce and cities rather than agriculture. Lincoln taught himself law, passing the bar examination in
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Delivered on the site of one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War, the Gettysburg Address is known by some as the greatest speech in the world — and one of Abraham Lincoln 's defining moments. Four months earlier, 46, soldiers from both sides of the Civil War had been killed or wounded in the Battle of Gettysburg, in Pennsylvania. The words delivered by Lincoln at the official dedication ceremony for the National Cemetery at the site on November 19, , called upon the fundamental principles of the Declaration of Independence and the Union's ideals — "a government of the people, by the people, for the people". The speech's legacy and lasting impact has seen American schoolchildren throughout the years taught to recite the historical phrasings, while subsequent presidents are also said to have used the speech as a map for governance in the US. The exact words Lincoln spoke at the dedication ceremony cannot be verified for certain, although there are five known copies in the former president's handwriting, according to Abraham Lincoln Online.
He worked on the farm of his father. He attended school for less than a year, but taught himself to read and write. He did different types of jobs before he settled as a highly successful lawyer.