The Socratic method also known as method of Elenchus , elenctic method , or Socratic debate is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presuppositions. It is named after the Classical Greek philosopher Socrates and is introduced by him in Plato 's Theaetetus as midwifery maieutics because it is employed to bring out definitions implicit in the interlocutors' beliefs, or to help them further their understanding. The Socratic method is a method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions. The Socratic method searches for general, commonly held truths that shape beliefs and scrutinizes them to determine their consistency with other beliefs.
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Consider these thoughts about the critical thinking process, and how it applies not just to our school lives but also our personal and professional lives. Critical thinking skills are perhaps the most fundamental skills involved in making judgments and solving problems. You use them every day, and you can continue improving them. The ability to think critically about a matter—to analyze a question, situation, or problem down to its most basic parts—is what helps us evaluate the accuracy and truthfulness of statements, claims, and information we read and hear. It is the sharp knife that, when honed, separates fact from fiction, honesty from lies, and the accurate from the misleading. We all use this skill to one degree or another almost every day.
What Causes a Lack of Critical Thinking Skills?
The essence of the independent mind lies not in what it thinks, but in how it thinks. Thinking comes naturally. But you can make it happen in different ways. For example, you can think positively or negatively.
Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. Words referring to similar concepts and processes in the English language include cognition , sentience , consciousness , idea , and imagination. Thinking involves the cerebral manipulation of information , as when we form concepts , engage in problem solving , reason and make decisions. Thinking is a higher cognitive function and the analysis of thinking processes is part of cognitive psychology.