Research has shown both the positives and the negatives factors associated with grade retention, making it a highly debated topic in todays educational systems. There is an immense dispute on whether it is beneficial or detrimental for a student to be refrained form entering the next grade if they are not academically prepared. One perspective describes grade retention as a motivator. The controversy which surrounds this long-standing issue has been reinforced by such topics as the recent endorsement of academic standards.
Grade Retention Paper
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If students are young for their grade summer birthdays , retaining will make them among the oldest students in the class, often an academic advantage. If students cannot read at a fourth grade level, promoting them to fourth grade sets them up for problems in all subjects which require reading. If those students are instead retained, they have another year to prepare for fourth grade reading levels. If all students, no matter their achievement level, are automatically promoted, they learn that they will advance through school whether they work or not. This might lead to poor work habits. Retaining students can make them more responsible. If teachers know their students could be held back, those teachers might try harder to meet the reading needs of poorer readers.
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An employee under a covered pay system who is placed in a lower-graded position under the same or different covered pay system e. See definition of covered pay system under Key Terms. An agency must provide grade retention to an employee who moves from a position under a covered pay system to a lower-graded position under a covered pay system as a result of-. An employee is eligible for grade retention as a result of a reduction in force only if the employee has served for at least 52 consecutive weeks in one or more positions under a covered pay system at one or more grades higher than the grade of the position in which the employee is placed.
Studies on the effects of retention follow this design: Researchers identify a group of students who have been retained in a grade. Then they find another group, matched in relevant characteristics to the retained group, which had instead been promoted to the next grade. Usually, the groups are matched on achievement test scores so that they wereequally low before the retention or promotion occured.